TURISMO MASIVO Y PATRIMONIO DE LA HUMANIDAD (1/3) : Valdés

¿ Hasta cuando el edificio se mantiene de pie antes de caer como la ladera sobre-usada ? ¿ Cómo es posible proteger y valorar turisticamente el patrimonio de la humanidad sin generar consecuencias dañinas de un flujo masivo de visitantes o turismo de masa ? Que sea por designación de « Patrimonio de la Humanidad » por las Naciones Unidas (UNESCO) o por otro tipo de reconocimiento internacional, los sitios patrimoniales emblemáticos, naturales y/o culturales, padecen a menudo de su « éxito ».

¿ Es realmente posible desarrollar un turismo que sea una herramienta al servicio de la conservación de la naturaleza o del patrimonio cultural y ofrecer alternativas sustentables de desarrollo y de vida a las comunidades locales ? Mas de 39 meses recorrido por el continente americano, mas de 100 áreas naturales protegidas visitadas (Reservas de Biósfera, parques nacionales, parques regionales reservas privadas) y mas de 60 sitios clasificados por la UNESCO como « Patrimonio de la Humanidad » cambiaron bastante mi punto de vista al respeto. Lire la suite

Publicités

SUIVRE LE TROUPEAU OU TRACER SON CHEMIN (Carte) ?

Vous êtes plutôt du genre à suivre le groupe ou à tracer votre propre chemin lorsque vous visitez un site remarquable ? Même les aventuriers à sac à dos suivent parfois les circuits typiques du tourisme de masse : Machu Picchu, Iguazu, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Carthagène des Indes… Sans pour autant critiquer la forme de voyage de chacun, il est bon de savoir où se trouvent les sites hyper-fréquentés où la file d’attente et le produit standardisé sont la norme, et ceux au contraire qui sortent des sentier battus à la rencontre des populations ou aux aguets des animaux discrets. Comme l’illustre cette carte, des sites peuvent présenter les deux manières de visiter. Lire la suite

WORST EXPERIENCES OF WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Every international recognition of a single destination brings its amount of local consequences. On one hand, it highlights and promotes the local destination in the global markets and gives new opportunities for local development. On the other hand, standardization of the heritage and local processes, contamination and increase of social inegalities due to the fast and uncontrolled development are at least as frequent as its positive effects. The « World Heritage » denomination by the UNESCO (United Nations for Education, Science and Culture Organization) is one of these international recognitions. My ambition to be a « responsible traveler » was put to a severe test when it was about visiting some of the World heritage sites, of which many are now totally committed to the mass tourism. In another top list posting, I gave my best experiences of World heritages. Here are my worst ones! Let think about that you may also have a bad experience there.

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ALTERNATIVE TOURISM ON THE RIVIERA MAYA?

Malo’Kin – Good day in Maya language.
Feedback to our adventure in Mexico, few months later… Along the crowdy and touristy Mayan Riviera, it is very hard to find alternative tourism opportunities. The picture is composed by huge resorts, private beaches, luxurious trucks, international cuisine, recreational parks including wildlife in captivity, bimbos and lazy wealthy tourists. The controversial side of this business is hundreds of hectares of mangrove and wetlands destroyed, aquifers and rivers contaminated, natural protection against hurricanes cleared, etc. The picture of tourism there is the « all inclusive » packaging. If you go out of the main urban patches of Cancun, Playa del Carmen and Tulum, you will find adventure, pristine waters and green « Nature », still… For how long?
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RSF source

In Live Destruction of Coastal Ecosystems by Mass Tourism: Take a Stand Against!

As we are following the Caribbean coast of central America, along the « Riviera Maya » in Mexico and now in Belize, we are sadly surprised by the quantity of big and ugly infrastructures for tourism purposes. Placencia Peninsula, Belize, here we are.

This is a long white sand peninsula, originally surrounded by beautiful mangroves, healthy biodiversity, terrestrial and marine. Now, it is turned into a succession of resorts, getting bigger and bigger, luxurious or midrange. The traditional village Seine Bight of Garifuna people (descendants of African slaves and Caribbean indigenous) is now encircled by Maya beach and Placencia urban developments. Between, we can see in live the newest developments: drastic natural habitat removal for grading, drainage of wetlands, landscaping using excavators, bulldozers… Lire la suite